அறிவானந்தன்

கண்டவை,கேட்டவை,பார்த்தவை,படித்தவை,மனதில் உதித்தவை

காமராஜ் பிறந்த நாள்

" சொத்து சுகம் நாடார் , சொந்தந்தனை நாடார்
பொன்னென்றும் நாடார், பொருள் நாடார், தான்பிறந்த
அன்னையையும் நாடார், ஆசைதனை நாடார்,
நாடொன்றே நாடித்தன் நலமொன்றும் நாடாத
நாடாரை நாடென்றார்." கவியரசு கண்ணதாசன்

“Every person who has any intelligence, initiative or enterprise will be encouraged to engage himself in productive enterprise for the benefit of the nation”, said K. Kamaraj in his presidential address at the 68th Session of Indian National Congress at Bhubaneshwar in 1964. These epoch-making words are amazingly relevant today in the backdrop of globalization and encouragement for private initiative.

Born in a poor family at a small place called Virudhunagar in the southern part of Tamil Nadu on July 15, 1903, Kumarasamy Kamaraj is one of those selfless, dedicated and visionary freedom fighters whose sacrifice and service not only won us freedom but also led the nation into the path of self-reliance and all-round development.

Bharat Ratna, Kamaraj was first jailed in March 1930 when he participated in the Salt Satyagraha at Vedaranyam and was sentenced to a two-year imprisonment at Alipore jail. Then onwards, British jails literally became another home for Kamaraj who spent over 3,000 days there for taking part in freedom struggle.

Prison life helped him develop contacts with various leaders and freedom fighters from different parts of the country and he utilized his time in self-education through books. In 1940, when Kamaraj was in Vellore jail, he was unanimously elected as Chairman of Virudhunagar Municipal Council. On his release after nine months, Kamaraj went straight to the Municipal office and tendered his resignation stating “ One should not accept any position to which one could not do full justice”.

Trained by the great parliamentarian and freedom fighter, S. Sathyamurthi, who found in him “an efficient, loyal, indefatigable worker and a skillful organizer”, Kamaraj was elected as the President of the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee in 1940 and continued in that position till 1954. He was member of the Congress Working Committee from 1947 to 1969.

Kamaraj was elected to the Constituent Assembly of India in 1946 and to the Lok Sabha in 1952. He became member of the Madras Legislative Assembly in 1937 and 1946 and was sworn-in as the Chief Minister of Madras on April 13, 1954.

As the Chief Minister of Madras State for nine successive years, Kamaraj laboured hard to transform the State into a model State of the country. His no-nonsense approach towards administration and issues concerning the common people and his sterling perception of the complexity of the rural India helped Tamil Nadu attain a massive socio-economic transformation in full conformity with the Nehruvian vision. Kamaraj’s approach towards development was statesman-like and was astonishingly identical to that of Rajiv Gandhi who said “In the final analysis, the development is not just about factories, dams and roads. Development is basically about people. The goal is people’s material, cultural and spiritual fulfillment”.

Kamaraj’s rule, rightly acclaimed as the Golden Era of Tamil Nadu, led to massive industrialization, rural electrification and unprecedented government investment in education. It may appear unbelievable, but it is true that during Kamraj rule in Tamil Nadu, over 20 per cent of the total government revenue was spent towards education, as he was aware that investment in education is investment in future. He introduced free education up to high school level and provided free school uniform to poor students. In fact, he pioneered a free mid-day meal scheme for primary school children, aided by the American voluntary organization, CARE, in 1957, which has now become a national mission.

A visionary with his feet firmly on the ground Kamraj had solutions for any difficult situation. When Pt. Nehru found that the post-Independence Congress was losing its mass appeal, he turned to Kamaraj who came out with the “Kamaraj Plan” under which senior Congress leaders in the Central and State governments resigned and took up party work. They included Lal Bahadur Shastri, Morarji Desai, Jagjivan Ram and S.K. Patil.

In 1964, Kamaraj was elected as the President of the All India Congress Committee and successfully navigated the nation through the stormy years following the sudden demise of Jawaharlal Nehru and his successor, Lal Bahadur Shastri. In recognition of his contribution to the nation during the freedom struggle and thereafter, the country’s highest award Bharat Ratna was conferred on him in 1976.

Kamaraj was a shining example of simple living and high thinking. All through the years, he led a simple life, in fact, he was the only Chief Minister who stayed in a rented house in place of occupying a government bungalow. When he passed away on October 2, 1975, all Kamaraj left behind were ten sets of khadi dhotis and shirts and one hundred rupees under his pillow.

It is a fitting tribute to this rustic statesman that the commemorative coins in denominations of Rs. 100 and Rs. 5 are being issued to keep his memory alive. This would once again provide an occasion to the present generation to reflect upon and emulate the ideals followed by K. Kamaraj. (Feature Unit).

9மறுமொழிகள்:

மணிக்கு, எழுதியவர்: Blogger siva gnanamji(#18100882083107547329)

கல்விவளர்ச்சியே எல்லாப் பிணிகளுக்கும் மருந்து என்றுண்ர்ந்து
கல்விச்சாலைகள் திறந்த
பெரியவரை
நன்றியுடன் நினைவுகூர்வோம்!

 
மணிக்கு, எழுதியவர்: Blogger VSK

தமிழகம் கண்ட தன்னலம் கருத, தமிழருக்கென மட்டுமே வாழ்ந்த ஒரே தலைவனுக்கு என் உளங்கனிந்த பிறந்த நாள் வணக்கங்கள், நன்றியுடன்!

 
மணிக்கு, எழுதியவர்: Blogger ENNAR

நன்றி சிஜி

 
மணிக்கு, எழுதியவர்: Blogger VSK

தலைவனாம் தலைவனாம்
தமிழருக்கெல்லாம் தலைவனாம்
தன்னலமில்லாத் தலைவனாம்
தரணிபோற்றும் தலைவனாம்

சொல்லிக் கொடுத்த தலைவனாம்
சோறுபோட்ட தலைவனாம்
தன்னை என்றும் எண்ணாமல்
தளராதுழைத்த தலைவனாம்

நல்லா நாமும் படித்து
நாளும் அவனைப் போற்றுவோம்
கர்மவீரர் அவர் பெயரை
கன்னித்தமிழில் போற்றுவோம்.

[என்னால் முடிந்த ஒரு சிறுவர் பாடல்!]

 
மணிக்கு, எழுதியவர்: Blogger ENNAR

நன்றாக உள்ளது vks நன்றி

 
மணிக்கு, எழுதியவர்: Blogger மாசிலா

படிக்காத மேதை
நம்மை எல்லாம்
படிக்க வைத்த மேதை!

கர்மவீரர் நம்மிடையே உண்மையாக வாழ்ந்து மறைந்த ஒரு கடவுள்.

அன்பின் திரு உருவம்.
பண்பின் முகம்.

நல்ல பதிவு பகிர கொடுத்தமைக்கு மிக்க நன்றி ENNAR.

 
மணிக்கு, எழுதியவர்: Blogger ENNAR

நன்றி மாசிலா

 
மணிக்கு, எழுதியவர்: Blogger Robinson

Anbar Arivanandan Arivathu,

thankalludaya paddaipu nanraka ullathu.

Anbudan

Robin

 
மணிக்கு, எழுதியவர்: Blogger ENNAR

நன்றி ராபின்

 

Post a Comment

<< முகப்பு